The 400th Anniversary of the Compact Which Birthed American Liberty Under God
On November 11th, 1620, the Mayflower, carrying 102 passengers, men, women and children, cast anchor in Provincetown Harbour, 67 days from Plymouth, England. The same day the 41 men in the company solemnly covenanted and combined themselves together “into a civil body politick.” The body politic established a state without a king or a noble, a church without a bishop or a priest, and a domestic commonwealth the members of which were “straightly tied to all care of each other’s good and of the whole by every one.” It was the birth of American liberty. Their fortitude and dedication to the principles of civil and religious liberty gave the world the very first example of a nation successfully birthed as a representative republic, built on principles of life and liberty under God. The ideals embodied in the Mayflower Compact served as a model for the Declaration of Independence close to a century and a half later.